Surabaya Tram Project: This Is the Challenge of the Mayor of Surabaya Substitute Risma

09 April 2019

Surabaya ( - Author of a book entitled "Picking Up the Future of Surabaya Trams", Abdul Hakim assessed that railroad-based rapid mass transportation system is one solution to overcome congestion problems in major cities in the world, especially in Surabaya City. "If DKI Jakarta has recently realized a transit transportation system in the form of MRT (Mass Rapid Transit), then at least Surabaya is the same. But the reality is that Surabaya has not been able to, "said the judge.


However, he continued, the desire of the Mayor of Surabaya, Tri Rismaharini, to realize a fast mass mode of transportation in the form of Trams in Surabaya City failed. Risma admitted that he failed to realize the tram because his tenure was only two years away, while for the construction of mass transit it took two years. Even though Risma has initiated the tram itself since 2010.


The previous tram had been included in the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) which was planned to be funded by the central government. However, the construction of the tram project was hampered due to the stagnant flow of funds from the center.


The Surabaya City Government has also had the opportunity to open an option to make a funding through a tender system involving the private sector. However, again there are obstacles related to institutions that can make tender efforts. Regarding the failure to realize the project, Risma also took another effort, namely the provision of Suroboyo Bus transportation modes that are now in operation. "The difference is that Suroboyo Bus is not a railroad-based transportation, so it is still not free of obstacles when on the highway," said the author of Tri Rismaharini's dwilogi book.


Admittedly, to make it all happen is not easy because of the complicated bureaucracy. "So in the tram book, I call transportation political. The problem of trams cannot be realized, although all preparations for the study, facilities and infrastructure, infrastructure and others have been completed. But financing is still awaiting central policy, "said the judge who is also a journalist at the Antara News Agency.


According to Hakim, in a political budget, Surabaya is quite capable of building fast mass transportation. It's just that, it all collides with a number of rules that exist in the central government. For this condition, there is an assumption that there is injustice in the development of mass transportation in metropolitan cities in Indonesia, especially Surabaya.


The presumption of this injustice stems from observing the progress of the construction of the MRT and LRT projects in DKI Jakarta that are running smoothly. But this is not the case in Surabaya. Even though the two cities (Jakarta and Surabaya) are both metropolitan big cities in Indonesia.


Moreover, the cost of the Jakarta MRT is far more expensive than the trams in Surabaya. If the MRT / LRT initially costs JPY 133 billion (IDR 16.3 trillion) but in the second phase (from HI Roundabout to City) increases to JPY ¥ 199 billion (IDR 24.9 trillion), then the tram in Surabaya is only IDR 2.4 trillion .


Even information obtained by members of the Surabaya DPRD Commission C from the Ministry of Transportation revealed the 2017 State Budget when it did not allocate a budget to build trams in Surabaya. This is because the central government is concentrating on building infrastructure and LRT in Palembang, ahead of the 2018 Asean Games in the area. The budget of around Rp.4 trillion is sucked there, so there is a possibility that the construction of trams cannot start in 2017.


However, preparations for rapid mass transit (AMC) in Surabaya have been initiated for a long time, so that the central government cannot simply divert budget allocations to other interests. Moreover, the problem of congestion in Surabaya which is the second largest city in Indonesia has become a scourge every day. If it is based on congestion considerations in Jakarta that are more productive, even now Surabaya has the same problem. So, why is Surabaya as if it was complicated in terms of regulation? Is it because of constrained funding, where does the AMC Surabaya use a pure state budget? If it is also constrained by APBN funding, isn't there still another alternative by cooperating with the private sector? Surely if there is a will, there must be a way.


Of course, said Hakim, this was a homework and a challenge for the future Mayor of Surabaya to replace Risma to make it happen. "We will see who among the upcoming candidates will be able to realize rapid mass transportation in Surabaya," he said.


The choice of Tram mass transportation by the Mayor of Surabaya was due to the enthusiasm to revive the history of the Tram in Surabaya which had once existed at the time of the Dutch East Indies Government. "This is not just to revive the history of the Tram that has been owned by the city of Surabaya, but also as a transportation that is able to break down congestion and as an icon of the Surabaya city destination," said the judge who is also the author of Tri Rismaharini's dwilogi book.


In the future, said Hakim, Tram transportation will be very popular among Surabaya residents and environmentally friendly transportation, both in terms of safety and security of passengers. According to him, the Tram Project needs to be realized, especially since Jakarta already has an MRT. "Surabaya needs to realize railroad-based transportation in welcoming the development of mass transportation in the country. This is the hope of the citizens of Surabaya, "he said. [ifw / but]



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